Java发送form-data请求怎么实现文件上传

蜗牛 互联网技术资讯 2022-06-23 19 0

这篇“Java发送form-data请求怎么实现文件上传”文章的知识点大部分人都不太理解,所以小编给大家总结了以下内容,内容详细,步骤清晰,具有一定的借鉴价值,希望大家阅读完这篇文章能有所收获,下面我们一起来看看这篇“Java发送form-data请求怎么实现文件上传”文章吧。

封装了以下工具类:

package com.leeyaonan.clinkz.common.util;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;
import java.util.*;
import java.util.concurrent.ScheduledExecutorService;
import java.util.concurrent.ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpRequestRetryHandler;
import org.apache.http.client.config.RequestConfig;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.CloseableHttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpRequestBase;
import org.apache.http.config.Registry;
import org.apache.http.config.RegistryBuilder;
import org.apache.http.conn.socket.ConnectionSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.conn.socket.PlainConnectionSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLConnectionSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.TrustSelfSignedStrategy;
import org.apache.http.entity.ContentType;
import org.apache.http.entity.mime.HttpMultipartMode;
import org.apache.http.entity.mime.MultipartEntityBuilder;
import org.apache.http.entity.mime.content.FileBody;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpRequestRetryHandler;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.impl.conn.PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager;
import org.apache.http.ssl.SSLContextBuilder;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;
import org.springframework.util.CollectionUtils;

/**
 * HttpUtils
 *
 * @author Rot
 * @date 2021/10/15 17:45
 */
@Slf4j
public class HttpUtils {

    /**
     * 从连接池中获取连接的超时时间--10s
     */
    private static int connectionRequestTimeout = 10000;
    /**
     * 客户端和服务器建立连接的超时时间--握手连接时间--10s
     */
    private static int connectTimeout = 60000;
    /**
     * 从对方服务接受响应流的时间
     */
    private static int socketTimeout = 60000;
    /**
     * 连接池最大连接数
     */
    private static int maxTotal = 800;
    /**
     * 每个主机的并发
     */
    private static int maxPerRoute = 20;
    private static PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager connectionManager = null;
    private static CloseableHttpClient httpClient;

    public static CloseableHttpClient getClient() {
        return httpClient;
    }

    static {
        log.info("初始化http connection 连接池 ...");
        try {
            // 配置同时支持 HTTP 和 HTPPS
            SSLContextBuilder builder = new SSLContextBuilder();
            builder.loadTrustMaterial(null, new TrustSelfSignedStrategy());
            SSLConnectionSocketFactory sslConnectionSocketFactory = new SSLConnectionSocketFactory(builder.build());
            Registry<ConnectionSocketFactory> socketFactoryRegistry = RegistryBuilder.<ConnectionSocketFactory>create().register("http", PlainConnectionSocketFactory.getSocketFactory()).register("https", sslConnectionSocketFactory).build();
            connectionManager = new PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager(socketFactoryRegistry);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("初始化http 连接池异常", e);
            connectionManager = new PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager();
        }
        //连接池统一配置
        connectionManager.setMaxTotal(maxTotal);
        connectionManager.setDefaultMaxPerRoute(maxPerRoute);
        RequestConfig requestConfig = RequestConfig.custom().setConnectTimeout(connectTimeout).setConnectionRequestTimeout(connectionRequestTimeout).setSocketTimeout(socketTimeout).build();

        //不做重试功能
        HttpRequestRetryHandler retryHandler = new DefaultHttpRequestRetryHandler(0, false);

        httpClient = HttpClients.custom().setConnectionManager(connectionManager).setDefaultRequestConfig(requestConfig).setRetryHandler(retryHandler).build();

        ScheduledExecutorService scheduledExecutorService = new ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor(1);
        scheduledExecutorService.scheduleWithFixedDelay(() -> {
            connectionManager.closeExpiredConnections();
            connectionManager.closeIdleConnections(20, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
            log.info("回收过期的http连接完成 status:{}", connectionManager.getTotalStats());
        }, 30, 120, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

        Runtime.getRuntime().addShutdownHook(new Thread(() -> {
            log.info("关闭 httpClient 连接");
            try {
                if (httpClient != null) {
                    httpClient.close();
                }
            } catch (IOException e) {
                log.error("关闭 httpClient 异常", e);
            }
        }));
    }

    /**
     * post请求提交form-data上传文件
     *
     * @param url
     * @param headers 请求头
     * @return
     */
    public static String doPostUploadFile(String url, Map<String, String> headers, File file) {
        HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost(url);
        packageHeader(headers, httpPost);
        String fileName = file.getName();

        CloseableHttpResponse response = null;

        String respContent = null;

        long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

        // 设置请求头 boundary边界不可重复,重复会导致提交失败
        String boundary = "-------------------------" + UUID.randomUUID().toString();
        httpPost.setHeader("Content-Type", "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + boundary);

        // 创建MultipartEntityBuilder
        MultipartEntityBuilder builder = MultipartEntityBuilder.create();
        // 设置字符编码
        builder.setCharset(StandardCharsets.UTF_8);
        // 模拟浏览器
        builder.setMode(HttpMultipartMode.BROWSER_COMPATIBLE);
        // 设置边界
        builder.setBoundary(boundary);
        // 设置multipart/form-data流文件
        builder.addPart("multipartFile", new FileBody(file));
        // application/octet-stream代表不知道是什么格式的文件
        builder.addBinaryBody("media", file, ContentType.create("application/octet-stream"), fileName);

        HttpEntity entity = builder.build();
        httpPost.setEntity(entity);

        try {
            response = httpClient.execute(httpPost);
            if (response != null && response.getStatusLine() != null && response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode() < 400) {
                HttpEntity he = response.getEntity();
                if (he != null) {
                    respContent = EntityUtils.toString(he, "UTF-8");
                }
            } else {
                log.error("对方响应的状态码不在符合的范围内!");
                throw new RuntimeException();
            }
            return respContent;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("网络访问异常,请求url地址={},响应体={},error={}", url, response, e);
            throw new RuntimeException();
        } finally {
            log.info("统一外网请求参数打印,post请求url地址={},响应={},耗时={}毫秒", url, respContent, (System.currentTimeMillis() - startTime));
            try {
                if (response != null) {
                    response.close();
                }
            } catch (IOException e) {
                log.error("请求链接释放异常", e);
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 封装请求头
     *
     * @param paramsHeads
     * @param httpMethod
     */
    private static void packageHeader(Map<String, String> paramsHeads, HttpRequestBase httpMethod) {
        if (!CollectionUtils.isEmpty(paramsHeads)) {
            Set<Map.Entry<String, String>> entrySet = paramsHeads.entrySet();
            for (Map.Entry<String, String> entry : entrySet) {
                httpMethod.setHeader(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue());
            }
        }
    }

}

maven依赖:

<!--http-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
            <artifactId>httpcore</artifactId>
            <version>4.4.9</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
            <artifactId>httpclient</artifactId>
            <version>4.5.13</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
            <artifactId>httpmime</artifactId>
            <version>4.5.12</version>
</dependency>

核心部分:

// 设置请求头 boundary边界不可重复,重复会导致提交失败
String boundary = "-------------------------" + UUID.randomUUID().toString();
        httpPost.setHeader("Content-Type", "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + boundary);

        // 创建MultipartEntityBuilder
        MultipartEntityBuilder builder = MultipartEntityBuilder.create();
        // 设置字符编码
        builder.setCharset(StandardCharsets.UTF_8);
        // 模拟浏览器
        builder.setMode(HttpMultipartMode.BROWSER_COMPATIBLE);
        // 设置边界
        builder.setBoundary(boundary);
        // 设置multipart/form-data流文件
        builder.addPart("multipartFile", new FileBody(file));
        // application/octet-stream代表不知道是什么格式的文件
        builder.addBinaryBody("media", file, ContentType.create("application/octet-stream"), fileName);

        HttpEntity entity = builder.build();
        httpPost.setEntity(entity);

注意:这里的builder.addPart("multipartFile", new FileBody(file));,multipartFile对应form表单的字段名称,如果接口更改了字段名称,这里也需要更改

比如我有一个接口是这样定义的:

@PostMapping("/xxx")
    public void test(@RequestParam(value = "abc") MultipartFile file) {
        ...
    }

那么使用上述工具请求该接口的时候,就需要将

builder.addPart("multipartFile", new FileBody(file));

改为

builder.addPart("abc", new FileBody(file));

以上就是关于“Java发送form-data请求怎么实现文件上传”这篇文章的内容,相信大家都有了一定的了解,希望小编分享的内容对大家有帮助,若想了解更多相关的知识内容,请关注蜗牛博客行业资讯频道。

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