怎么使用Python+pyaudio实现音频控制

蜗牛 互联网技术资讯 2022-07-28 23 0

这篇文章mnist主要介绍脚本“怎么使用Python+音频pyaudio实现Python音频控制”,在音频日常操作中,相信很多人在怎么使用Python+pyaudio实现音频控制问题上存在包成疑惑,小编查阅了各式资料,整理出简单mnist导入好用的形式操作方法,希望对大家解答”怎么使用Python+pyaudio实现音频控制”的疑惑有所帮助生成!接下来,请跟着脚本小编一起来学习吧!

简介

PyAudio是一个跨平台的文件图音频ppython内容处理控制工具包基础,使用图该工具包可以在生成Python程序中播放和全集录制音频,怎么使用Python爬取企业数据,也可以生成产生在手wav文件等pip

安装

pip install PyAudio

注意Python:使用该数据命令安装时可能会Python+pyaudio报错软件,怎么使用Python将数据打包成mnist的形式,怎么使用Python脚本,报错内容如下:

怎么使用Python+pyaudio实现音频控制  python 第1张

针对语言该问题p,怎么使用Python对文件里内容进行修改,我们使用whl文件进行Python+pyaudio安装形式爬取,python教程如何做,首先兼职在网址打包下面在手找到以下操作企业文件并下载pip,根据自己的python版本及计算机系统图脚本下载相应文件即可python,怎么使用Python导入数据。

怎么使用Python+pyaudio实现音频控制  python 第2张

下载修改控制完成后,怎么使用Python+pyaudio实现音频控制,python兼职p图,切换ppython里到做Python+pyaudio文件所在机上目录,使用如下python命令安装教程即可

pip3 install PyAudio-0.全集语言修改导入数据控制2.11-cp38-cp38-win_amd64.whl

pyaudio控制指定内容设备,在手机上如何使用python,怎么操作python,python数据分析教程,怎么使用Python爬虫,录制爬虫音频mnist/采集教程打包音频流教程爬取/播放企业数音频

#!/usr/bin/env python3
#-ppython*- coding:utf-8 -*-
#--生成----------- 音频设备操作模块 -------------------
#
#   功能:   录制音频/获取音频流/播放音频
#   时间:  2021-09-13
#
#--------------------------------------------------

import sys ,pyaudio, wave
from tqdm import tqdm

class UacAudioInAndOut:
    def __init__(self):
        """
            功能:   录音参数初始化
                    创建vad检测模块对象
            参数:   /
            返回值: /
        """
        self.input_format_dict = {"S8_LE":16, "S16_LE":8, "S24_LE":4, "S32_LE":2}
        self.framerate_list = [8000, 11025, 16000, 22050, 32000, 44100, 48000,
                            88200, 96000, 176400, 192000, 352800, 384000]

    def _inforPrintf(self, infor_content):
        """
            功能:   检测操作系统,使用正确编码
                    输出打印信息
            参数:   infor_content: 信息内容
            返回值: /
        """
        if sys.platform != "linux" and sys.platform != "darwin":
            infor_content = str(infor_content).encode("gbk","ignore").decode("gbk")
        print(infor_content)

    def GetAllDevInfor(self):
        """
            功能:   显示支持设备信息
            参数:   /
            返回值: /
        """
        PA = pyaudio.PyAudio()
        self._inforPrintf("----------------------< 本机支持设备 >------------------------------")
        for dev_index in range(PA.get_device_count()):
            self._inforPrintf("\n-------------------------------------------------------")
            for key in PA.get_device_info_by_index(dev_index):
                    self._inforPrintf("%s:%s"%(key, str(PA.get_device_info_by_index(dev_index)[key])))
            self._inforPrintf("========================================================")


    def GetUacDevInfor(self, devKeywordOrIndex=None):
        """
            功能:   获取UAC设备信息
            参数:   devKeywordOrIndex: 设备名称关键字或兼职索引
            返回值: dic 设备信息字典
                    False 设备信息获取失败
        """
        PA = pyaudio.PyAudio()
        if devKeywordOrIndex == None:
            self._inforPrintf("\033[0;36;31m[UacAudioInAndOut] 未设设备, 当前使用默认设备\033[0m")
            return PA.get_default_input_device_info()
        if str(devKeywordOrIndex).isdigit():
            devKeywordOrIndex = int(devKeywordOrIndex)
            return PA.get_device_info_by_index(devKeywordOrIndex)

        uac_infor_list = []
        for uac_index in range(PA.get_device_count()):
            if PA.get_device_info_by_index(uac_index).get("name").find(str(devKeywordOrIndex)) >= 0:
                uac_infor_list.append(PA.get_device_info_by_index(uac_index))

        if len(uac_infor_list) > 1:
            self._inforPrintf("\033[0;36;33m[UacAudioInAndOut] UAC 设备有多个基础,\
                    请修正关键字, 当前设备如下: %s\033[0m"%str(uac_infor_list))
            return False
        else:
            return uac_infor_list.pop()

    def is_framerate_supported(self, setFramerate, UacAudioInHandle,
                                load_parame_dict, input_or_output="input"):
        """
            功能:   判断当配置在指定数据分析设备中是否支持
            参数:   setFramerate:       设置采样率
                    UacAudioInHandle:   设备句柄
                    load_parame_dict:   加载字典
                    input_or_output:    输入/输出功能
            返回值: bool True/False
        """
        try:
            if input_or_output == "input":
                UacAudioInHandle.is_format_supported(rate=float(setFramerate),
                            input_device=load_parame_dict['index'],
                            input_channels=load_parame_dict['setInputChannels'],
                            input_format=load_parame_dict['_setInputFormat'])
            else:
                UacAudioInHandle.is_format_supported(rate=float(setFramerate),
                            output_device=load_parame_dict['index'],
                            output_channels=load_parame_dict['maxOutputChannels'],
                            output_format=UacAudioInHandle.get_format_from_width(load_parame_dict['setOutputFormat']))
            return True
        except:
            return False

    def LoadUacAudioInDevice(self, maxStreamDuration=1000, setInputChannels=None,
                                        setInputFormat=None, devKeywordOrIndex=None):
        """
            功能:   加载音频获取设备
            参数:   maxStreamDuration=1000 默认一段流时长
                    setInputChannels:           通道数
                    setInputFormat:             位宽
                    devKeywordOrIndex:    录音设备关键字/索引
            返回值:
                    成功: UacAudioInHandle, StreamHandle, load_parame_dict
                    失败: False
        """
        try:
            load_parame_dict = {}
            uac_infor_dict = self.GetUacDevInfor(devKeywordOrIndex)
            if not setInputFormat:
                _Format = "S16_LE"
                self._inforPrintf("\033[0;36;33m[UacAudioInAndOut] 未设置位宽,使用默认 S16_LE \033[0m")
            else:
                _Format = setInputFormat
            setInputFormat = self.input_format_dict[_Format]

            if not setInputChannels or int(setInputChannels) > uac_infor_dict["maxInputChannels"]:
                setInputChannels = uac_infor_dict["maxInputChannels"]
                self._inforPrintf("\033[0;36;33m[UacAudioInAndOut] 输入通道未设置/超出做当前设备最大值,使用默认最大通道企业数 %s\
                                                                                    \033[0m"%setInputChannels)
            else:
                setInputChannels = int(setInputChannels)
            dev_index = uac_infor_dict["index"]
            load_parame_dict["index"]=dev_index
            load_parame_dict["setInputFormat"] = _Format
            load_parame_dict["_setInputFormat"] = setInputFormat
            load_parame_dict["setInputChannels"] = setInputChannels
            UacAudioInHandle = pyaudio.PyAudio()
            for setInputFramerate in self.framerate_list:
                if self.is_framerate_supported(setInputFramerate, UacAudioInHandle, load_parame_dict):
                    load_parame_dict["setInputFramerate"] = setInputFramerate
                    break
            #计算数据大小一段
            CHUNK_SIZE = int(setInputFramerate * maxStreamDuration / 1000)
            load_parame_dict["CHUNK_SIZE"] = CHUNK_SIZE
            self._inforPrintf("\033[0;36;38m[UacAudioInAndOut] 加载参数: %s\033[0m"%str(load_parame_dict))
            #加载设备
            StreamHandle = UacAudioInHandle.open(
                                format=load_parame_dict['_setInputFormat'],
                                channels=load_parame_dict['setInputChannels'],
                                rate=load_parame_dict['setInputFramerate'],
                                input=True,
                                input_device_index=load_parame_dict['index'],
                                start=False,
                                frames_per_buffer=int(CHUNK_SIZE))
            #开始流获取
            StreamHandle.start_stream()
            return UacAudioInHandle, StreamHandle, load_parame_dict
        except:
            self._inforPrintf("\033[0;36;31m[UacAudioInAndOut] Uac AudioIn 加载失败\033[0m")
            return False, False, False

    def LoadUacAudioOutDevice(self, devKeywordOrIndex):
        """
            功能:   加载音频输出设备
            参数:   /
            返回值: UacAudioInHandle 或 False
        """
        try:
            uac_infor_dict = self.GetUacDevInfor(devKeywordOrIndex)
            UacAudioInHandle = pyaudio.PyAudio()
            return UacAudioInHandle, uac_infor_dict
        except:
            return False


    def GetUacAudioInStream(self, StreamHandle, CHUNK_SIZE):
        """
            功能:   开始采集声卡音频
                    生成音频流
            参数:   UacAudioInHandle:   设备句柄
                    StreamHandle:       流句柄
            返回值  chunk_data 流数据
        """
        return StreamHandle.read(CHUNK_SIZE, exception_on_overflow=False) #防止溢出


    def UacAudioOutPlay(self, playWavFile, Repeat=None, Pdict=None, devKeywordOrIndex=None,):
        """
            功能:   可以循环播放指定文件
            参数:   playWavFile:            播放文件路径
                    Repeat:                 循环播放次数
                    CustomizeAudioParam:    自定义播放参数
            返回值: /
        """
        UacAudioInHandle, uac_infor_dict = self.LoadUacAudioOutDevice(devKeywordOrIndex)
        self._inforPrintf(str(uac_infor_dict).encode("gbk","ignore").decode("gbk"))
        self._inforPrintf("\033[1;36;34m[UacAudioInAndOut] 指定设备: %s\t播放文件: %s\t循环总数: %s\
                                            \033[0m"%(devKeywordOrIndex, playWavFile,Repeat))
        try:
            chunk=1024
            pfb = wave.open(playWavFile, 'rb')
            setOutputFormat = pfb.getsampwidth()
            setOutputChannels = pfb.getnchannels()
            setOutputFramerate = pfb.getframerate()
            uac_infor_dict['setOutputFormat'] = setOutputFormat

            if setOutputChannels > uac_infor_dict["maxOutputChannels"]:
                self._inforPrintf("\033[0;36;31m[UacAudioInAndOut] 当前通道数,在该音频设备上包成不支持, \
                                设备最大通道数: %s\033[0m"%uac_infor_dict["maxOutputChannels"])
                return False
            if not self.is_framerate_supported(setOutputFramerate, UacAudioInHandle, uac_infor_dict, "output"):
                self._inforPrintf("\033[0;36;31m[UacAudioInAndOut] 当前文件采样率,在该设备上不支持,\
                                    设备默认采样率: %s\033[0m"%uac_infor_dict["defaultSampleRate"])
                return False
            else:
                uac_infor_dict["defaultSampleRate"] = setOutputFramerate
            stream = UacAudioInHandle.open(
                                output_device_index=uac_infor_dict['index'],
                                format=UacAudioInHandle.get_format_from_width(setOutputFormat),
                                channels=setOutputChannels,
                                rate=setOutputFramerate,
                                output=True)

            if Repeat == "Dead_cycle":
                self._inforPrintf("\033[1;36;33m[UacAudioInAndOut] Dead cycle play !!! \033[0m")
                while True:
                    if type(Pdict) == dict and Pdict["play status"] == "stop":
                        break
                    pfb = wave.open(playWavFile, 'rb')
                    while True:
                        data = pfb.readframes(chunk)
                        if not data:
                            break
                        stream.write(data)
            else:
                for index in tqdm(range(int(Repeat))):
                    if type(Pdict) == dict and Pdict["play status"] == "stop":
                        break
                    pfb = wave.open(playWavFile, 'rb')
                    while True:
                        data = pfb.readframes(chunk)
                        if not data:
                            break
                        stream.write(data)

            stream.stop_stream()
            stream.close()
            self.CloseAudioDevice(UacAudioInHandle)
            return True
        except:
            stream.stop_stream()
            stream.close()
            return False


    def UacAudioInRecord(self, saveWavFile, recordTime, #单位秒
                        setInputChannels=None,
                        setInputFormat=None,
                        devKeywordOrIndex=None):
        """
            功能:   录制音频文件
            参数:   recordTime:         录音时长, 单位(s)
                    setInputFramerate:  采样率
                    setInputChannels:   通道数
                    setInputFormat:     位宽
                    devKeywordOrIndex:      录音设备索引
            返回值: /
        """
        maxStreamDuration=1000
        load_parame_dict = {}
        UacAudioInHandle, StreamHandle, load_parame_dict = self.LoadUacAudioInDevice(
                                                                    maxStreamDuration,
                                                                    setInputChannels,
                                                                    setInputFormat,
                                                                    devKeywordOrIndex)
        if not UacAudioInHandle or not StreamHandle:
            self._inforPrintf("\033[0;36;31m[UacAudioInAndOut] 录音失败\033[0m")
            return False

        self._inforPrintf("\033[1;36;34m[UacAudioInAndOut] 录音 -> 文件名: %s 时长: %s\
                                            \033[0m"%(saveWavFile,recordTime))
        self._inforPrintf(load_parame_dict["CHUNK_SIZE"])
        data_list = []
        for recordTime_index in range(int(recordTime)):
            data = None
            data = StreamHandle.read(load_parame_dict["CHUNK_SIZE"], exception_on_overflow=False)
            data_list.append(data)
        StreamHandle.stop_stream()
        StreamHandle.close()
        self.CloseAudioDevice(UacAudioInHandle)
        with wave.open(saveWavFile, "wb") as wavfb:
            wavfb.setnchannels(load_parame_dict["setInputChannels"])
            wavfb.setsampwidth(UacAudioInHandle.get_sample_size(load_parame_dict["_setInputFormat"]))
            wavfb.setframerate(load_parame_dict["setInputFramerate"])
            wavfb.writeframes(b''.join(data_list))

        """
            功能:   关闭音频流设备
            参数:   UacAudioInHandle
            返回值: bool True/False
        """
        try:
            StreamHandle.stop_stream()
            StreamHandle.close()
            self.CloseAudioDevice()
            return True
        except:
            return False

    def CloseAudioDevice(self, UacAudioDeviceHandle):
        """
            功能:   释放 Audio 设备
            参数:   UacAudioDeviceHandle
            返回值: bool True/False
        """
        try:
            UacAudioDeviceHandle.terminate()
            return True
        except:
            return False


if __name__=="__main__":
    asv = UacAudioInAndOut()
    asv.GetAllDevInfor()
    #asv.UacAudioOutPlay(sys.argv[1], int(sys.argv[2]), None, sys.argv[3])
    asv.UacAudioInRecord(sys.argv[1], sys.argv[2])

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